Degradation of soils continues at a pace that will eventually create a local, regional, or even global crisis when diminished soil resources collide with increasing climate variation. It's not too late to restore our soils to a more productive state by rediscovering the value of soil management, building on our ever-expanding scientific understanding of soils. This book is unique because of its treatment of soil management based on principles-the physical, chemical, and biological processes and how together they form the foundation for soil management. Audience: Students, certified/practicing professionals, industry and academic researchers in soil science, land management, environmental science, food security, and ecosystem services. Whether new to soil science or needing a concise reference, readers will benefit from this book's ability to integrate the science of soils with management issues and long-term conservation efforts.
A research focus on hazards, risk perception and risk minimizing strategies is relatively new in the social and environmental sciences. This volume by a prominent scholar of East African societies is a powerful example of this growing interest. Earlier theory and research tended to describe social and economic systems in some form of equilibrium. However recent thinking in human ecology, evolutionary biology, not to mention in economic and political theory has come to assign to "risk" a prominent role in predictive modeling of behavior. It turns out that risk minimalization is central to the understanding of individual strategies and numerous social institutions. It is not simply a peripheral and transient moment in a group's history. Anthropologists interested in forager societies have emphasized risk management strategies as a major force shaping hunting and gathering routines and structuring institutions of food sharing and territorial behavior. This book builds on some of these developments but through the analysis of quite complex pastoral and farming peoples and in populations with substantial known histories. The method of analysis depends heavily on the controlled comparisons of different populations sharing some cultural characteristics but differing in exposure to certain risks or hazards.
The central questions guiding this approach are: 1) How are hazards generated through environmental variation and degradation, through increasing internal stratification, violent conflicts and marginalization? 2) How do these hazards result in damages to single households or to individual actors and how do these costs vary within one society? 3) How are hazards perceived by the people affected? 4) How do actors of different wealth, social status, age and gender try to minimize risks by delimiting the effect of damages during an on-going crisis and what kind of institutionalized measures do they design to insure themselves against hazards, preventing their occurrence or limiting their effects? 5) How is risk minimization affected by cultural innovation and how can the importance of the quest for enhanced security as a driving force of cultural evolution be estimated?
This volume provides an accessible and up-to-date account of the difficulties that the Zimbabwean economy and its population experienced during the crisis which peaked in 2008. It details the suffering and chaos that befell the country with dramatic socio-economic consequences on growth, macroeconomic stability, service delivery, livelihoods, and development. The volume seeks to provide a political economy analysis of leadership and economic management in developing economies based on Zimbabwe's experience. It examines the triggers of the crisis, and the negative impact on productive sectors such as manufacturing and agriculture, social sectors such as education and health, and on financial services. The volume will be of interest to students of policy and economic management, as well as to government departments, central banks in developing countries, development agencies, donors, and NGOs.
International Handbook of Organizational Crisis Management reflects the latest understanding of the field from prominent scholars and practitioners around the globe. Pushing the boundaries of crisis management research and practice, the handbook offers new frameworks and findings that capture insights and guidance for researchers and executives.Key Features* Provides the latest thinking on and encourages growing support of crisis management in todayAes business environment: Novel and poorly understood technologies, globalization, changing political climates, and a shifting social landscape are just a few of the forces currently changing the ways in which organizations experience crises.+ Challenges core assumptions and goes beyond conventional rules: Numerous books touch on the topic, but many lack rigor with untested fear based prescriptions and quick fixes.+ Offers a diversity of angles and levels of analysis: Crisis management is analyzed from societal, interorganizational, organizational, and individual perspectives.+ Presents international and multicultural perspectives: Crises are not perceived in the same way globally; therefore, international researchers and practitioners expose their views of crisis management from their own cultural angles.Intended AudienceOffering a leading-edge overview of the field of crisis management, this resource is useful for researchers and thoughtful practitioners in business and management, psychology, and sociology. It can also be used in graduate courses such as Strategic Management and Business Policy, Corporate Strategy, Occupational/Industrial Psychology, and Communication Risk Management. Meet author Christophe Roux-Dufort! http:/www.em-lyon.com/france/faculte/professeurs/alpha/roux-dufort.asp
First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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